This department concentrates on the study of Islamic thought. Islamic thought is a term that refers to science of kalam, Islamic Philosophy and Sufism, but may also include Islamic legal philosophy. Despite the fact that the study of Islamic thought is based on classical refferences which are the product of Islamic intellectual tradition in the past, the department correlates the subject with contemporary issues. It means that Islamic intellectual heritages are studied within the contemporary perspective or based on the present requirement. The mission of the department is to inculcate fundamental understanding of Islam for defending Islam from theological, philosophical, ideological and cultural challenges. In addition, it is to provide basic knowledge for the students so as to enable them to be critical as well appreciative towards contemporary knowledge, to be able to modify, adapt and develop it based on Islamic concepts. So, the primary role that could be played by the graduate of this department is to re-conceptualize Islamic teaching to respond the challenges of contemporary thought by having critical attitude towards foreign thought and having selective manner in adapting various concepts that stem from other civilization.
The competitive excellences of this department are developing research and study on basic knowledge and Islamic thought which are relevant to the need of society; developing society based on morality and Islamic rationality with the basis of al-Qurán and al-Hadits. Finally, the graduates of this department are able to face all destructive and damage thoughts that comes from Muslims and non-Muslims (missionary, Orientalists).
The core subjects offered in this department are: Orientalism and Occidentalism, Islamic Philosophy, Islam and Contemporary Issues, al-Qadhaya al-Kalamiyyah al-Muásyirah (Contemporary Issues on Kalam), Islam and Contemporary Issues, Tasawuf, and Destructive Doctrines.